Epipremnum Sp. aka Pothos aka Devil's Ivy
Pothos (Epipremnum aureum), also known as Devil's Ivy, is a lovely trailing houseplant with hardy oblong green leaves. This plant can be found on many favorite houseplants lists because it is easy to care for, can be trained to grow as you wish, and can tolerate lower light conditions.
Pothos thrives in bright but indirect light, however this plant will also comfortably adapt to low and medium light spaces. Growth will be slower in these conditions but the plant should remain healthy. It can even adapt to fluorescent lights, making it a fabulous office plant and a rare trailing plant that can survive in low light.
These plants are amenable to almost any lighting conditions provided there is some sort of light present, but if you're curious about the lighting conditions in your home of office, we have a guide for how to measure light in your space.
Pothos vines have been measured reaching 70 feet in the wild, but they can also be trained to climb up surfaces instead of trail! Frequent misting helps the vines attach to a stake or trellis by promoting aerial root growth and the increased humidity also keeps the foliage looking its best.
Did you know?: The genus name comes from the Greek epi, meaning upon, and premnon meaning a trunk, in reference to its growing on tree trunks.
Always be sure to assess your plant’s watering needs upon receiving it. Before giving your plant a drink, it is best to check the moisture level in the soil first to ensure it isn’t moist right beneath the surface. Also, consider aerating the soil of your plant before the initial watering. We compact the soil to avoid shifting during transit, so aerating can help the soil breathe and allow moisture to be released.
In bright light, Pothos appreciates a watering when the soil has dried half way through the pot. In low and medium light spaces, it is best to allow the soil to dry almost all the way through the pot, but do not let the plant sit dry for extended periods. A good indication of your plant needing water is when the foliage begins to wilt. It is best to water just as it begins to wilt (not after it has collapsed), and always be sure to feel the soil in addition to visually monitoring the plant.
Rotate your plant periodically to ensure even growth on all sides and dust the leaves often so the plant can photosynthesize efficiently. When dusting the leaves, also take the opportunity to inspect the undersides and keep an eye out for pests.
Frequently Asked Questions about Pothos
Help! My Pothos is turning yellow!
Most often yellowing occurs due to over or underwatering. If you see a combination of yellow and brown on the same leaf, it is likely due to overwatering. If you're noticing yellow leaves, along with some brown crispy spots on additional leaves, then the cause could be underwatering. Check in with the soil to determine if it matches your diagnosis.
There are leafless brown growths coming off of my Pothos. Is that normal?
Yes! These are called aerial roots and they are totally normal. In nature, this is what helps give support to the plant and also allows it to climb and reach more light. The roots will not damage walls or surfaces, and you can always prune them if they get unruly.
How can I train my Pothos to climb up a stake or trellis?
Gently wrap and weave the plant up the stake or trellis, attaching the vines if necessary with string — but be cautious not to tie too tightly. Continue caring for the plant as usual, but introduce misting to the foliage of the plant. Added humidity in the air increases the production of roots along the vine that will will attach the plant to the stake or trellis. Eventually the plant will grow upwards on its own and you can remove the string if desired.
My Pothos has gotten way too long. What can I do?
Prune it back! These guys are very hardy and can handle a good trim. You can also propoate your plant by placing the cuttings in water. You can either leave them in water, or when a substantial amount of roots grow you can transfer the cuttings to soil.
How do I know if my pothos has root rot?
Root rot can be caused by overwatering conditions when roots die back due to lack of oxygen. Root rot can also be caused by fungus living in the soil that may suddenly flourish due to overwatering. One obvious sign your pothos has root rot is its leaves will slowly begin to wilt and yellow even though the soil is moist, or, if you check the roots, they may feel soggy and look brown or black. If you suspect your plant has root rot, DO NOT OVERWATER.
How do I deal with root rot?
This may sound harsh, but the most effective method to deal with root rot is to throw out the plant. If you decide to keep it, you must reduce soil moisture! Only provide enough to fulfill the plants water needs without causing stressful drought conditions nor overwatering.
What can I use to treat root rot?
Once the soil has completely dried out, water the plant with hydrogen peroxide (1 cup H2O2 for every 1 gallon of H2O). Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) has one more oxygen than a water molecule and causes oxidation. Some bacteria and fungus cannot survive in oxidized (aerobic) environments and prefer anaerobic conditions.
How often should I fertilize my plant?
In general, house plants will thrive when they are fertilized spring through fall. Fertilize once a month with an organic houseplant fertilizer, following the package instructions for dilution and administration. Greenery NYC uses an organic potting mix with a slow release fertilizer in the soil, so your plant will not need fertilizer within the first 6 months of receiving it.
How often does my plant need to be repotted?
For smaller desktop plants, we suggest repotting once every 12-18 months. Typically you want to choose a potting vessel 1”- 2” larger in diameter to allow for growth. Don’t choose a pot much larger than the previous as this could drown the plant's roots. If you prefer to maintain the current size of your plant, repot into the same vessel, providing new soil and trimming away some roots and foliage. Spring or summer is the ideal time to repot as the plant is at its strongest.
For larger floor plants, we suggest repotting every 18-24 months. Typically you want to choose a potting vessel 2”- 4” larger in diameter to allow for growth. Don’t choose a pot much larger than the previous as this could drown the plants roots. If you prefer to maintain the current size of your plant, repot into the same vessel, providing new soil and trimming away some roots and foliage. Spring or summer is the ideal time to repot as the plant is at its strongest.
Different Types of Pothos
The traditional pothos variety is golden pothos (Epipremnum aureum). It features heart-shaped mid-green foliage splashed in creamy gold. If you grow this variety up a totem and give it lots of light and warmth, you’ll find the leaves can grow quite large. In fact, outdoors in frost-free areas, the leaves can reach 12 inches wide or more!
Marble Queen Pothos
Marble Queen (Epipremnum aureum ‘Marble Queen’) is another common pothos variety. It features green heart-shaped leaves heavily splashed and streaked with creamy white. The foliage is usually similar in size to golden pothos. Marble Queen may be more or less variegated, depending on the particular branch it was propagated from. Here at Exotic Angel® Plants, we only grow propagate Marble Queen from our most highly variegated mother plants.
Neon pothos (Epipremnum ‘Neon’) is one of the most distinct varieties. Its heart-shaped leaves are bright chartreuse or golden yellow in color with no variegation. The newer, younger leaves tend to be brighter than older leaves. The foliage deepens in color with age. To get the best color, grow Neon pothos in bright light. In low-light spots, the color will be duller and darker.
Manjula pothos (Epipremnum ‘Manjula’) is another patented variety produced by the University of Florida. It features wide, heart-shaped green leaves. The foliage is variegated with shades of silver, white, cream, and light green. Each leaf is different; many leaves will have large patches of green. Others will be heavily flecked and splashed. With Manjula, there’s typically not a crisp line between the variegated areas – so the creamy areas tend to have spots or speckles of other colors. Another way to tell Manjula apart from other pothos varieties is that the leaves have wavy edges and don’t lay as flat as other pothos do.
Cebu Blue Pothos
Here’s one for the plant collectors! This pothos (Epipremnum pinnatum ‘Cebu Blue’) doesn’t show off variegation on its arrow-shaped blue-green leaves. The foliage often has a bit of a metallic sheen, making it distinct from other pothos types. While the young leaves are vague arrow-shaped, Cebu Blue pothos can produce large, blue-green leaves with natural splits, much like a Monstera. It takes time for the plant to mature and warm, bright conditions to develop this adult-type leaf.
Pearls and Jade Pothos
Pears and Jade pothos (Epipremnum ‘Pearls and Jade’) is an eye-catching variety that sports green leaves variegated with white and silvery-gray. The variegation tends to appear more on the edges of the foliage, rather than the middle. Unlike some other pothos varieties, the white sections of the foliage are often mottled with green and silvery gray tones. Pearls and Jade pothos tends to have smaller leaves than some of the other varieties and tends to grow more slowly.
Note: Pearls and Jade pothos was produced by the University of Florida and is a patented variety.
This variety of pothos sports gorgeous dark green, heart shaped foliage. The dark green of the leaves is speckled with silver. This type of pothos is also known as Satin Pothos or Silver Pothos. The foliage of Silver Pothos is smaller than other types.
The vine like quality and the sparkling look of the leaves makes it a fantastic addition to your indoor jungle. Just place it in a hanging pot and let the leaves go where their hearts desire. For the brightest shades of silver, make sure you keep it in bright yet indirect light.
This is one of the newer types of pothos available on the market. It also has variegated green leaves that are heavily dappled with white, and the variegation is largely distinct. You can make the white variegation grow and spread on the foliage if you keep N-Joy Pothos under bright light.
Pothos N-Joy will be as easy to grow for you as any other type of pothos. Just keep it near a light source in your home and see the vine thrive! However, be patient with it since it grows slowly.